The words see, look, and watch all have to do with perceiving something with your eyes. Listen and hear have to do with perceiving something with your ears. However, they are used in different ways.
- see means to notice or become aware of (someone or something) by using your eyes
- look means to direct your eyes in a particular direction
- watch means to look at (someone or something) for an amount of time and pay attention to what is happening
- hear means to be aware of (sound) through the ear
- listen means to pay attention to someone or something in order to hear what is being said, sung, played, etc.
The differences in the definitions tell us something about how each word is used. See and hear are usually used when you are talking about using the senses of sight and sound. On the other hand, look, watch, and listen are usually used when you are talking about paying attention to what you see or hear. Look is used to say something about where you are directing your attention. Watch is used to say that you are paying attention to something by looking at it for a period of time.
How to use see, look, watch, hear, and listen
The Britannica Dictionary